Grades of Neodymium

The Original Online Magnet Company

The Neodymium magnets have a simple nomenclature. They all start with "N" which simply stands for "Neo" (industry simplification of Neodymium) and is followed by a two digit number

This number represents the maximum energy product in Mega-Gauss Oersteds (MGOe) where 1MGOe (cgs units) equals 7958kJ/m3 (SI units). The range available used to be N24 up to N52. The lower grades are no longer made and the range now starts at around N30 or N33. N50 is the highest readily available grade. N52 is possible but only in certain sizes. Although the maximum possible energy product is calculated in to be N64, it is unlikely such high strengths of Neodymium will be achievable in the near future (when the newest grades are commercially available they are often available only for direct sale into military applications).

A suffix letter (or two letters) may then follow the number. It is stated that these letters (or lack of) relate to a temperature rating. Strictly speaking this is not correct. The letters actually indicate the Intrinsic Coercivity (Hci) of the material. The higher the Hci, the higher the temperature the Neodymium magnet material can be exposed to before the magnet will start to show permanent losses in output. It is this fact that is used to link the last letter(s) to a temperature rating.

The current range of Neodymium Iron Boron magnets is as follows:

N27, N30, N33, N35, N38, N40, N42, N45, N48, N50, N52, N30M, N33M, N35M, N38M, N40M, N42M, N45M, N48M, N50M, N30H, N33H, N35H, N38H, N40H, N42H, N45H, N48H, N30SH, N33SH, N35SH, N38SH, N40SH, N42SH, N45SH, N28UH, N30UH, N33UH, N35UH, N38UH, N40UH, N28EH, N30EH, N33EH, N35EH, N38EH, N33VH/AH.

However, the temperature rating for Neodymium is merely a guide value. It is the physical size and shape of the NdFeB magnet and the total magnetic circuit that actually determines how well a magnet will perform at raised temperature. For example a NdFeB magnet in free space will demagnetise at a lower temperature than the same sized NdFeB magnet connected to a piece of mild steel. It will also demagnetise at a lower temperature than a NdFeB magnet of twice the length in the direction of magnetisation. The Intrinsic curve shape also plays a part in the temperature performance of NdFeB.

The total magnetic circuit that the Neodymium magnet is in determines its working point on the Intrinsic curve. By having a higher working point (e.g. magnet connected to mild steel or a longer magnet) the magnet will cope with a higher temperature before it will show signs of demagnetisation (when the working point passes the ‘knee’ of the Intrinsic curve). The situation is made more unclear if an external demagnetising field is present as this may mean the Neodymium magnet may demagnetise at even lower temperatures. Therefore, it is quickly apparent that the total magnetic circuit, the total environment and the application as a whole must all be reviewed to determine whether a Neodymium magnet will still perform at a satisfactory level towards the recommended maximum working temperature as indicated by the letter(s) in its NdFeB grade classification. For example, a magnet rated for a recommended maximum working temperature of 150 degrees C may start to demagnetise significantly at 100 degrees C is the design is poor or a magnet rated for a recommended maximum working temperature of 80 degrees C may start to demagnetise significantly at 100 degrees C is the design is really good.

The recommended maximum working temperatures are indicators of likely performance but the user should review their design for suitability or contact us for design assistance. The letter nomenclature is as follows (where xx is the Maximum Energy Product in MGOe):-

Nxx 12000 Oe / 955kA/m (minimum)80 deg C / 175 deg F suggested maximum
NxxM 14000 Oe / 1115kA/m (minimum) 100 deg C / 212 deg F suggested maximum
NxxH 17000 Oe / 1355kA/m (minimum) 120 deg C / 248 deg F suggested maximum
NxxSH 20000 Oe / 1590kA/m (minimum) 150 deg C / 302 deg F suggested maximum
NxxUH 25000 Oe / 1990kA/m (minimum) 180 deg C / 356 deg F suggested maximum
NxxEH 30000 Oe / 2385kA/m (minimum) 200 deg C / 392 deg F suggested maximum
NxxVH / NxxAH 35000 Oe / 2785kA/m (minimum) 230 deg C / 446 deg F suggested maximum

Example BH curve for N42 NdFeB

Nomenclature of NdFeB grades

Chinese Standard - commonly used globally, especially in EU
Minimum Values
MaterialBrHcb (Hc)Hcj (Hci)(BH)max
mTGkA/mOekA/m mTGkA/m
N27 1,03010,30079610,00095512,00011925
N30 1,08010,80079610,00095512,00022328
N33 1,13011,30083610,50095512,00024731
N35 1,17011,70086810,90095512,00026333
N38 1,22012,20089911,30095512,00028736
N40 1,25012,50090711,40095512,00030238
N42 1,28012,80091511,50095512,00031840
N45 1,32013,20092311,60095512,00034243
N48 1,38013,80092311,60095512,00036646
N50 1,40014,00079610,00087611,00038248
N52 1,43014,30079610,00087611,00039850
N30M1,08010,80079610,0001,11514,00022328
N33M1,13011,30083610,5001,11514,00024731
N35M1,17011,70086810,9001,11514,00026333
N38M1,22012,20089911,3001,11514,00028636
N40M1,25012,50092311,6001,11514,00030238
N42M1,28012,80095512,0001,11514,00031840
N45M1,32013,20099512,5001,11514,00034243
N48M1,38013,8001,02712,9001,11514,00036646
N50M1,40014,0001,03313,0001,11514,00038248
N30H1,08010,80079610,0001,35517,00022328
N33H1,13011,30083610,5001,35517,00024731
N35H1,17011,70086810,9001,35517,00026333
N38H1,22012,20089911,3001,35517,00028636
N40H1,25012,50092311,6001,35517,00030238
N42H1,28012,80095512,0001,35517,00031840
N45H1,32013,20095512,0001,35517,00034243
N48H1,37013,70099512,5001,35517,00036646
N30SH1,08010,80080410,1001,59020,00022328
N33SH1,13011,30084410,6001,59020,00024731
N35SH1,17011,70087611,0001,59020,00026333
N38SH1,22012,20090711,4001,59020,00028636
N40SH1,25012,50093911,8001,59020,00030238
N42SH1,28012,80098712,4001,59020,00031840
N45SH1,32013,2001,00312,6001,59020,00034243
N28UH1,02010,2007649,6001,99025,00020726
N30UH1,08010,80081210,2001,99025,00022328
N33UH1,13011,30085210,7001,99025,00024731
N35UH1,18011,80086010,8001,99025,00026333
N38UH1,22012,20089911,3001,99025,00028736
N40UH1,25012,50089911,3001,99025,00030238
N28EH1,04010,4007809,8002,38530,00020726
N30EH1,08010,80081210,2002,38530,00022328
N33EH1,14011,40083610,5002,38530,00024731
N35EH1,17011,70087611,0002,38530,00026333
N38EH1,22012,20089911,3002,38530,00028736
N33VH / AH1,13011,30083610,5002,70634,00023930
American Standard
Typical Values
MaterialBrHcb (Hc)Hcj (Hci)(BH)max
mTGkA/mOekA/mOekJ/m3MGOe
24/411,00010,0007649,6003,26341,00019024.0
26/321,05010,50080310,0902,50731,50020526.0
28/231,05010,50082010,3001,83023,00022528.0
28/321,07310,73083510,4902,50731,50022528.0
30/191,13011,30085910,8001,51219,00024030.0
30/271,13011,30085910,8002,14927,00024030.0
32/161,18011,80089111,2001,27316,00025532.0
32/311,16011,60088311,1002,46731,00025532.0
34/221,19611,96091511,5001,77122,25027034.0
36/191,23112,31091711,5201,52319,14028536.0
36/261,22012,20093111,7002,06926,00028536.0
38/151,25012,50095512,0001,19415,00030038.0
38/231,24012,40095512,0001,83023,00030038.0
40/151,28012,80095512,0001,19415,00032040.0
40/231,29012,90098712,4001,83023,00032040.0
42/151,31013,1001,01112,7001,19415,00033542.0
44/151,35013,5001,03513,0001,19415,00035044.0
48/111,37513,75082010,30087511,00038048.0
50/111,41014,10082010,30087511,00040050.0
European Standard (IEC 60404-8-1)
Minimum Values
MaterialGroup codeBrHcb (Hc)Hcj (Hci)(BH)max
mTkGkA/mkOekA/mkOekJ/m3MGOe
170/190R7-1-19809800700879519002387517021.4
210/130R7-1-2106010600790992513001633521026.4
250/120R7-1-31130113008401055512001508025031.4
290/80R7-1-412301230070087958001005529036.4
200/190R7-1-5106010600760955019002387520025.1
240/180R7-1-61160116008401055518002262024030.2
280/120R7-1-71240124009001131012001508028035.2
320/88R7-1-8131013100800100558801106032040.2
210/240R7-1-9106010600760955024003016021026.4
240/200R7-1-101160116008401055520002513024030.2
310/130R7-1-111300130009001131013001633531039.0
250/240R7-1-121200120008301043024003016025031.4
260/200R7-1-131210121008401055520002513026032.7
340/130R7-1-141330133009201156013001633534042.7
360/90R7-1-15135013500800100559001131036045.2

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